|Mjolnir, the Hammer of Thor|
The effect was that the Saxons lost virtually their entire tribal leadership and were henceforth largely governed by Frankish counts installed by Charlemagne. The Saxon leader, Jarl Widukind, had escaped to his in-laws in Denmark, but soon returned to lead his people, as real military rebellions rose up in revenge for the sacrilege and the murders. In 785, Widukind, along with his remaining people, was forced to convert to Christianity by Charlemagne, and allegedly did so, outwardly at least, to prevent any more bloodbaths. At this point, the Franks are believed to have largely stopped their destruction of sacred trees, as the Saxons outwardly abandoned their group veneration of them, which may have served to protect such trees. They likely continued to secretly visit such trees in smaller numbers.
|Sometimes the Irminsul is reconstructed with a solar-cross, |
representing the "fire-whisk" at top, instead of wing-like branches.
|The top of the Irminsul is often identified with an Eagle. |
The Eddas also mention a great Eagle watching the Nine Worlds from the top of Yggdrasil.
|Irminsul with the two serpents, by Voenix|
|Eagle flag of Cyrus the Great. |
Notice the "Arising, Being, and Passing Away" Solar symbolism?
|Irminsul with the nine Raden or Chakras|
|The Runes of Externsteine as they originally appeared.|
|The Runes of Externsteine now, after the attack.|
- The “Irmin” component of the name is an Old Saxon adjective that transliterates as “colossal strength” or “Great/strong ”. Irminsul in its literal interpretation potentially refers to the Germanic spiritual concept of spiritual pillars, Irminsuls which are pillars that were used as totems, or statues of worship in the classic shape. These pillars may be symbolic of the greatest Pillar of all, the World Tree Yggdrasil, which supports Asgard in the top of its very branches.
- The name Irmin potentially refers to one of the alternate regional Old Saxon names for a major God. Sometimes Irmin is interpreted as being Tyr, or more accurately, as being Wotan or Odin. The Old Norse equivalent of the name Irmin is Jörmunr (the Mighty one), which is one of the names of Odin in the Eddas – so it is highly likely that Irmin, too, is Odin. As it turns out, the alternative association of Irmin with Tyr is probably incorrect, as Tyr was known by a far more common name among the Saxons, that of Saxnot or Seaxneat – literally, sword-companion – which fits Tyr's description in the Germanic lore far more precisely than Irmin does.
- It should be noted that in Old Norse alone, over 200 names have been attributed to Odin or his various incarnations, such as Grimnir, Hár, Hangatyr, Hroptatyr, and Jörmunr. Factor in all the Old English, Old German and regional variations, not to mention all the countless names associated with his more distant Indo-European manifestations outside of Europe (i.e. Vayu-Vata, Har-Vaad), and you realize a staggering possibility: that the names of Odin must over the entirety of Indo-European history have numbered into the thousands. Some Indo-Iranian deities were depicted standing upright like a pillar, with two outstretched “horns” resembling Irminsul rising above their heads. The name Arman, cognate with Irmin, existed in both Germanic and Iranian languages, meaning 'Arising' in the former and 'Ideal' in the latter. As the supreme Arman, Vayu-Vata is the ideal of wisdom manifest.
- Irminsul, alternatively, could be a symbol strictly of the tribal Gods unique to specific Germanic tribes (Saxons and similar) that share Irmin as perhaps a title in their name, though this could additionally simply be their local name for Wotan/Odin, who as mentioned before, has a vast pan-Aryan influence and many “avatars” in each culture that knows him.
- Irminsul refers also to Yggdrasil through the connection to Irmin/Jörmunr which is one of the names of Odin – who is also consistently connected with the name Yggr, which forms an integral component of Yggdrasil the World Tree. Yggdrasil actually translates to “Yggr’s steed”, metaphorically the “horse” which Yggr (Odin) “rode” as he hung himself on it for nine nights to obtain the Runes.
|Gokstad Viking ship|
|Oseberg ship anchor|
|Reconstructions of a Vendel helmet (left) and a Saxon "Sutton Hoo" helmet (right)|
|These statues made by Sumerians are though to represent Abgallu.|
Whereas Deylaman was always home to master-smiths and today still has a few populations that match the general description of the Abgallu. Of course, in all likelihood the Abgallu were not all blond or blue-eyed. These are just the traits that stood out most starkly to the Sumerians who witnessed them.
|Assyrians are a rather diverse bunch, not just in color but also facial structure.|
|Pictish World Tree. Note the Man-rune resemblance of the top.|
|Celtic World Tree - Yorkshire, England|
To some extent, Cro-Magnon elements in Nordic culture also embellished the Irminsul beyond its original form:
|Sweden, 5th century CE|
|Germany, 8th Century CE - note the resemblance to the Assyrian tree symbol.|
|Irminsul or Yggdrasil arises out of the Black Sun, symbolizing Ginnungagap, |
and crowned by the white/yellow Sun, seen here as solar-cross.